'THE SHADOW' OUR FIRST UNDERCOVER COP
FOR those with a fascination for whodunits, an exhibition called Breakers: The Dying Art of Safe Breaking that opens at Sydney's Justice & Police Museum this month, will give a captivating introduction to Australia's undoubtedly most extraordinary police officer ever – our first under-cover operative, Frank 'The Shadow' Fahy.
For thirty years Fahy lived an-almost Boy's Own Adventure lifestyle of constant disguises from tramp and drunk, to fruit barrow-boy and travelling knife-sharpener. He even lived out of the side-car of a disguised police motor-cycle on occasion, as he mingled amongst crooks from the petty to the most notorious to help bring about their downfall.
And it's said Frank Fahy was the model for Agent 13, the CONTROL agent forever staked-out in cigarette machines, clothes lockers, garbage bins and fire hydrants, in Mel Brookes' classic Get Smart – after tales of The Shadow's bizarre exploits were revealed and flashed around the world's Press on his retirement in 1952…
It was a gang of safe-breakers from Italy, Giovanni Lucci, Alberto Borri and Geioli Martini whose raid on the Union Bank in Sydney in August 1926 was thwarted by The Shadow, that the Justice & Police Museum features in its new exhibit.
After a series of raids on banks in 1926, Frank Fahy disguised as a vagrant, hung around a near-city factory complex and watched the three Italian suspects hand-making tools he believed were for safe-breaking. None of the trio suspected the dishevelled "vagrant" wandering in and out of the factories was in fact a police officer, and one day Fahy heard them mention renting an office above the Union Bank in Castlereagh Street.
He quickly informed his seniors, and when police raided that office several nights later, they found a hole cut in the floor – and the gang working on the safe in the bank below. All were arrested, served three years in prison, and Lucci and Martini were deported back to Italy on release.
Frank Fahy was a probationary constable in the 1920s when a Sergeant (later Police Commissioner) William MacKay had the idea of using undercover officers to replace not-always trustworthy civilian informers. MacKay chose Fahy as his prototype "shadow officer," because slim and just 73kg (11 stone 7 pounds) he hardly cut the burly copper image.
Fahy quickly fell into the role, mostly dressing down as unkempt and dishevelled, shaving irregularly and easily mixing with others who lived on the streets, as well as on-the-run bank-robbers, drug-dealers, burglars, prison escapees and even murderers. So much so that he was often told to "move on" by uniformed police, and even received a "warning bashing" by an over-zealous detective said to have "had the biggest hands in the Force…"
He gave himself the street name Jimmy Perkins and on occasion carried around a dummy cockatoo in a cage, further convincing everyone he was befriending – including notorious bank-robber and serial prison escapee Darcy Dugan, sly-grogger and cocaine dealer Kate Leigh and major brothel operator Tilly Devine – that he was simply a harmless madman.
And he dreamed-up such bizarre accessories to assist his work as a 4m long periscope to look into upstairs windows, and a unique double-sided suit for when tailing suspects: if he thought they feared they were being followed by a man in a blue suit, he would find somewhere to quickly whip it off, turn it inside out, re-dress and throw them off-guard as "someone else" in a grey suit…
The Shadow spent long periods away from home, getting around and spying on criminals in the pride of his collection of gadgets and gizmos – a police motor-cycle with sidecar that had been given a souped-up engine and muffled exhaust, but also deliberately battered-up and with a drab paint job that bore signs "SCISSORS GROUND," and with which he could trail the fastest of quarries unsuspected.
And he would spend hours curled up in a foetal position in the covered sidecar watching and photographing those he was staking-out…
Frank 'The Shadow' Fahy spent 30 years in his amazing undercover role, retiring in 1952. He died in 1978 aged 82.
Breakers: The Dying Art of Safe Breaking opens at the Sydney Justice & Police Museum, corner of Albert and Phillip Streets, Circular Quay, on October 18. Details: firstname.lastname@example.org
 RARE photograph of Frank 'The Shadow' Fahy who spent 30 amazing years as Australia's first undercover police officer; the book by Vince Kelly about his extraordinary life was published in 1954. (Craig Stanton)
 FRANK Fahy in his official uniform which he seldom wore. (Justice & Police Museum)
 SAFEBREAKER Giovanni Lucci: 'The Shadow's' clever undercover work trapped Lucci and his gang robbing the Union Bank in Sydney in 1926. (State Records NSW)
 WRENCH used by Giovannia Lucci and his Italian gang to try to break into the Union Bank's safe – 'The Shadow' Frank Fahy had seen them making the tool while he posed as a drunken vagrant regularly wandering past their factory. (Jessica Maurer for Sydney Living Museums)
 BIZARRE photo published in Sydney newspapers at the behest of Police in 1933 to show that detectives didn't need to look like typical burly coppers. Frank 'The Shadow' Fahy is 3rd from right. (NSW Police Forensic Photography Archives, Sydney Living Museums)